Acute myeloid leukaemia (leukemia) relapse

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) that comes back after treatment is called a relapse. Treatment can usually be given again to control AML and any symptoms.

The aim of treatment for acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is to get rid of the leukaemia cells. Your specialist doctor checks samples of your blood and bone marrow to see how well your treatment has worked. If there are no leukaemia cell, this is called remission.

Relapse is when AML comes back after a remission.


Treating AML relapse

It may be possible to have more treatment and get into a second remission if AML comes back. Some people have the same chemotherapy drugs that were used during their induction phase of treatment again. Others are offered different types of chemotherapy or newer drugs.

Sometimes treatment can control the leukaemia but not cure it. The aim of treatment is to reduce any symptoms and improve quality of life for as long as possible.